Saturday, November 15, 2008

World Diabetes Day

Today November 14th is the World Diabetes Day.
World Diabetes Day (WDD) is the primary global awareness campaign of the diabetes world. It was introduced in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in response to the alarming rise in diabetes around the world. In 2007, the United Nations marked the Day for the first time with the passage of the United Nations World Diabetes Day Resolution in December 2006, which made the existing World Diabetes Day an official United Nations World Health Day.

World Diabetes Day is a campaign that features a new theme chosen by the International Diabetes Federation each year to address issues facing the global diabetes community. While the themed campaigns last the whole year, the day itself is celebrated on November 14, to mark the birthday of Frederick Banting who, along with Charles Best, first conceived the idea which led to the discovery of insulin in 1922

No Child Should Die of Diabetes
This is the campaign theme this year.

Diabetes and children
Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases to affect children. It can strike children of any age, even toddlers and babies. If not detected early enough in a child, the disease can be fatal or result in serious brain damage. Yet diabetes in a child is often completely overlooked: it is often misdiagnosed as the flu or it is not diagnosed at all.

Every parent, school teacher, school nurse, doctor and anyone involved in the care of children should be familiar with the warning signs and alert to the diabetes threat.



Know the diabetes warning signs
Frequent urination
Excessive thirst
Increased hunger
Weight loss
Tiredness
Lack of interest and concentration
Blurred vision
Vomiting and stomach pain (often mistaken as the flu)
*In children with type 2 diabetes these symptoms may be mild or absent.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is a chronic, potentially debilitating and often fatal disease. It occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of the hormone insulin in the body. The body needs insulin to use the energy stored in food. When someone has diabetes they produce no or insufficient insulin (type 1 diabetes), or their body cannot use effectively the insulin they produce (type 2 diabetes).

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that cannot be prevented. Globally it is the most common form of diabetes in children, affecting around 500,000 children under 15. However, as a result of increasing childhood obesity and sedentary lifestyles, type 2 diabetes is also increasing fast in children and adolescents. In some countries (e.g. Japan), type 2 diabetes has become the most common form of the disease in children.

Globally, there are close to 500,000 children under the age of 15 with type 1 diabetes.
Every day 200 children develop type 1 diabetes.
Every year, 70,000 children under the age of 15 develop type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is increasing in children at a rate of 3% each year
Type 1 diabetes is increasing fastest in pre-school children, at rate of 5% per year.
Finland, Sweden and Norway have the highest incidence rates for type 1 diabetes in children.
Type 2 diabetes has been reported in children as young as eight and reports reveal that it now exists in children thought previously not to be at risk.
In Native and Aboriginal communities in the United States, Canada and Australia at least one in 100 youth have diabetes. In some communities, it is one in every 25.
Over half of children with diabetes develop complications within 15 years.
Global studies have shown that type 2 diabetes can be prevented by enabling individuals to lose 7-10% of their body weight, and by increasing their physical activity to a modest level.
Type 2 diabetes in children is becoming a global public health issue with potentially serious outcomes.
Type 2 diabetes affects children in both developed and developing countries.

Diabetes is a deadly disease. Each year, almost 4 million people die from diabetes- related causes. Children, particularly in countries where there is limited access to diabetes care and supplies, die young.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), a build-up of excess acids in the body as a result of uncontrolled diabetes, is the major cause of death in children with type 1 diabetes. With early diagnosis and access to care, the development of severe DKA should be preventable.
Insulin was discovered more than 85 years ago. Today children in many parts of the world still die because this essential drug is not available to them.
Children with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar regularly to help control their diabetes. This monitoring equipment is often unavailable or not affordable.
In Zambia, a child with type 1 diabetes can expect to live an average of 11 years. In Mali, the same child can expect to live for only 30 months. In Mozambique the child is likely to die within a year.
The World Diabetes Day campaign in 2008 aims to:

Increase the number of children supported by the IDF Life for a Child Program.
Raise awareness of the warning signs of diabetes
Encourage initiatives to reduce diabetic ketoacidosis and distribute materials to support these initiatives.
Promote healthy lifestyles to help prevent type 2 diabetes in children.

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from International Diabetes Federation

4 comments:

Satria Sudeki said...

It is happy to see your posting. Yes really informative article. I will tell this information again to my friend, oh yes I suggest you to check my blog on www.101healthsolution.blogspot.com , I hope the article on my blog will be usefull for you… and we can share each other. thank you… ;-)

Charakan said...

Thank you.I will look up your blog soon

Gaylene said...

Dear Charakan,

My name is Gaylene, a consultant at Hill & Knowlton, the communications agency representing Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) globally in the area of diabetes. I am aware of your blog and understand that you are an influential writer on the topic of diabetes, including support of World Diabetes Day. As it is clear in your writing that you take an interest in patient centered care, we felt you may be interested in blogging on a recent initiative, undertaken by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), to raise awareness of diabetes risk factors and appropriate management of the condition in India.

With your support, the intention is to enhance patient and physician understanding of what can be achieved in diabetes. It is hoped that this will lead to improved disease management for the 40 million people with diabetes in South-East Asia region (SEAR).

Following a recent meeting held in Kathmandu, the IDF SEAR supported by MSD has announced an action plan for the prevention, treatment, and care of diabetes in the region. The plan addresses risk factors and management for the condition throughout all stages of life and represents a response to the UN Resolution on Diabetes (Resolution 61/225).

In addition to receiving further information on the initiative, there is also an opportunity for you to speak with one of the delegates from the IDF SEAR meeting, Professor Chittaranjan Yajnik, director of the KEMH Diabetes Center in Pune. If you are interested in speaking with Professor Chittaranjan Yajnik, please feel free to contact me as the professor will be available for pre-arranged interviews over the next two weeks.

I apologise for commenting directly on your blog, but I could not locate your appropriate contact details.

Thank you and I look forward to hearing from you,

Gaylene Ravenscroft



Please note –
We respect your privacy and should you not want to be contacted in the future, please respond to this e-mail stating your wishes. Also, there is absolutely no obligation to mention this programme or the information we have sent you on your blog. However if you do, we recommend that you disclose your relationship, if any, with Merck Sharp & Dohme.

Gaylene said...

Feel free to e-mail me at gravenscroft@hillandknowlton.com to discuss this.

Thank you again,
Gaylene.